Constituted as 338th Fighter Group on 16 Jul 1942 and activated on 22 Jul. Assigned to Third AF. Trained replacement crews, using a variety of aircraft (P-39's, P-40's, P-47's, and P-51's) during the first year and P-47's after Sep 1943. Disbanded on 1 May 1944.
Reconstituted, redesignated 338th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), and allotted to the reserve, on 5 May 1947. Activated on 12 Jun 1947. Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949.
Squadrons. 42d: 1947-1949. 305th. 1942-1944. 306th: 1942-1944. 312th: 1942-1944. 441st: 1943-1944. 560th: 1947-1949. 561st: 1947-1949. 562d: 1947-1949. 563d: 1947-1949.
Stations. Dale Mabry Field, Fla, 22 Jul 1942-1 May 1944. Orchard Place Aprt Ill, 12 Jun 1947-27 Jun 1949.
Commanders. 2d Lt Alfred T Bishop, 23 Jul 1942; Maj Robert B Richard, 7 Sep 1942; Col Lee Q Wasser, 18 Sep 1942; Lt Col Robert B Richard, 5 May 1943; Lt Col Oswald W Lunde, 10 Aug 1943; Lt Co] Dale D Brannon, 11 Jan-1 May 1944.
Campaigns. American Theater.
Insigne. Shield: Azure, issuing from fess nebuly debased, a winged lion rampant or. Motto: Ad Metam - To the Goal. (Approved 14 Nov 1942.)
Data from Air Force Combat Units of World War II By Maurer, Maurer, Published 1986
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